Causes and symptoms of low hemoglobin in women

Category Hematology | August 12, 2017 17:53


  • Factors
  • iron deficiency
  • insufficient assimilation
  • Bleeding
  • Signs
  • Low hemoglobin during pregnancy
  • Norma hemoglobin

Hemoglobin is the iron-containing protein and red blood cell pigment, whereby the bloodIt has an intense red color.The decline of this indicator is very dangerous, especially for the fairer sex.

establish the causes and symptoms of low hemoglobin in women can be using a blood test.

Statistically, such a problem faced by about 1/3 of the planet's inhabitants.The level of hemoglobin in the blood quite changeable, it is influenced by a variety of factors.The decline of this indicator is very dangerous for the female body, as it leads to a decrease in tissue oxygen saturation, because of what ultimately affects the respiratory organs, blood and cardiovascular system.


complex compounds of iron and protein called hemoglobin contained in blood cells - red blood cells.For normal development of the component a person needs to receive sufficient amount

s of iron from food.Even if a diet rich in iron product may have symptoms of low hemoglobin in women.The reason for this phenomenon may be hiding in a poor iron absorption in the small intestine.Consider other factors affecting the decrease in hemoglobin in the blood.

iron deficiency

The day adult body requires 10-20 mg of iron.This material has many functions, but 60% of the material goes to the synthesis of hemoglobin.Within hours of iron deficiency can cause severe decrease in this indicator;

insufficient assimilation

other equally common reasons for the decline of hemoglobin - is the lack of enzymes and catalysts development of iron-containing protein.These functions in the human body perform vitamins B, PP and C, and thus to maintain a normal hemoglobin level should eat foods rich in not only hardware, but also listed substances;


But even if the intake of iron and its synthesis are carried out without violations, hidden bleeding may adversely affect hemoglobin levels.In contrast, poor nutrition, that cause low hemoglobin in women is more serious and more dangerous, so it is important to detect the problem as soon as possible.


about a possible downgrade of the level of the iron-containing protein in the blood may indicate poor health: dizziness, drowsiness, weakness, and fatigue.But the more powerful arguments will be the following symptoms of low hemoglobin in women:

  • Shortness of breath;
  • low blood pressure;
  • Muscle weakness;
  • Fainting and frequent headaches;
  • change in taste, the desire to eat inedible (chalk, clay, raw dough, etc.);
  • Dry and pale skin;
  • Fragility and hair loss;
  • Stratification of the nail;
  • appearance of cracks in the corners of the lips.

Low hemoglobin during pregnancy

noticeable declines in iron deficiency of protein in the blood during pregnancy - a common occurrence for most women.However, it should be understood that significant deviations from the norm can threaten not only the health of the expectant mother, and child.Complications that can occur against a background of reduced hemoglobin in pregnant women:

  • Decrease uterine capacity (hypotension);
  • hypoxia (lack of oxygen to the fetus);
  • delay growth and development of the child in the womb;
  • Malfunction of the respiratory and nervous systems of the newborn;
  • mental and physical disabilities grudnichka.

Norma hemoglobin

As mentioned earlier, you can determine the level of hemoglobin using a blood test.But it is necessary to know that men and women of different ages, the hemoglobin values ​​are very different rules.For adult women are considered normal values ​​of the iron-containing protein in the amount of 120-155 g / l.This is due to the fact that the female body is made far fewer androgens, which stimulate the production of erythrocytes.In pregnant women, hemoglobin figures vary depending on the gestational age: in the first trimester - 112-160 g / l, in the second trimester - 108-144 g / l, in the third trimester - 100-140 g / l.