How and what to treat glaucoma

Category Ophthalmology | August 12, 2017 17:53

Contents:

  • reasons
  • clinical picture
  • Precautions
  • Medication
  • Laser treatment

eye diseases doctors refer to the number of the insidious disease, because they can occur unnoticed by the patient.Glaucoma - one of these diseases.

How and what treat glaucoma offer modern ophthalmologists?

If time does not detect the problem and not to start treatment, glaucoma can lead to irreversible vision loss.

reasons

Glaucoma is characterized by continuous or periodic increase of intraocular pressure.In the eyes of a healthy person, the figure is always maintained at 18-22 mm Hg.Art.Fluctuations are small, as observed outflow balance and fluid flow.In glaucoma, the fluid circulation is disrupted and there is a surplus.This phenomenon leads to a large increase in intraocular pressure, resulting in optic nerve, and other elements of the structure have a very high load.

As a result, the blood supply deteriorates, optic nerve atrophy and brain stop signals arrive.Glaucoma doctors called an irreversib

le disease, since it is a complete cure, unfortunately, can not be.That's why people over 40 years old need to pay attention to eye health.Among the causes that predispose to the development of glaucoma, ophthalmologists are the following:

  • Heredity;
  • Diabetes;
  • Atherosclerosis.

The disease progresses rapidly, so the symptoms of glaucoma can suddenly overtake patient.

clinical picture

Violation of intraocular pressure and other phenomena occurring in glaucoma, with the time recorded on the patient's state of health.There may be symptoms such as:

  • blurred vision;
  • stinging and pain in the eyes;
  • feeling of heaviness and fatigue of eyes;
  • Severe visual impairment in the dark;
  • emergence of "rainbow circle" before your eyes in bright light;
  • narrowing of peripheral vision.

Ultimately, if time does not see a doctor with the problem than to treat glaucoma, blindness can occur.Ophthalmologists also note that in this disease can be sudden temporary loss of vision as a result of an acute attack of glaucoma.

Precautions

patients with this eye disease requires not only urgent treatment, but also require certain precautions that can help a little bit to slow progression of the disease process:

  • was examined by an ophthalmologist at least 1 time in 3-6 months;
  • If you have any other diseases necessarily warn physicians about the presence you have glaucoma;
  • Avoid medication containing atropine, caffeine, strychnine and belladonna;
  • When the discomfort and pain in the eyes, contact your doctor;
  • Sleep at least 7-8 hours a day on a high pillow;
  • Avoid heavy lifting and work in the night shift;
  • do gymnastics in the morning;
  • walk in the fresh air;
  • Avoid activities that require head tilt (laundry, work in the garden, floor washing, etc.);
  • Read and watch TV only in good light;
  • In sunny weather, wear a hat;
  • Eliminate from your diet alcohol, strong coffee, tea, pastry and spices;
  • Give up smoking;
  • not visit the bath / sauna and swim in the cold water.

Medication

Medication for glaucoma aims to reduce intraocular pressure, improve blood supply to the internal membranes of the eyes and the normalization of metabolic processes in tissues.As a rule, when appointing drops glaucoma patient should for 2-3 weeks regularly visit your doctor: this approach allows to observe changes over time.Than to treat glaucoma with medical therapy?

In the following video presents the folk remedies to get rid of glaucoma:

In this case, you have two groups of drugs - drops, improving the outflow of fluid inside the eye, and drugs that inhibit the production of aqueous humor:

  • pilocarpine;
  • Epinephrine;
  • Patanoprost;
  • clonidine;
  • Okumed;
  • Trusopt;
  • Azopt and others.

Laser treatment

Another effective method for the treatment of glaucoma - it is laser therapy.This method have been actively used in the 70-ies of the last century.This procedure is aimed at the elimination of intra-blocks that hinder the outflow of fluid from the eye.Laser therapy has both drawbacks and advantages.First of all, it is necessary to talk about the merits:

  • Restores the natural outflow of fluid from the eye;
  • performed under local anesthesia;
  • not require long-term rehabilitation;
  • not cause complications;
  • has a fairly low cost.

However, doctors warn that such an operation is effective only in the early stages of the disease.By the same procedure is the risk of damaging the rear corneal epithelial cells and the blood vessels of the iris.