How to treat a cold sore on the eyes

Category Ophthalmology | August 12, 2017 17:53


  • Causes Symptoms Treatment
  • Antiviral agents
  • Traditional medicine

herpes virus most often affects the mucous membranes of the mouth, lips and nose.But sometimes cold sores appear on the eyes.

How to treat cold sores on the eyes with the help of drugs?

The main focus in the treatment of herpes remains the use of antiviral drugs.


or ophthalmic herpes in the eyes - one of the most dangerous and complex forms of manifestation of the herpes virus.Complication of the disease can cause rapid deterioration of vision, and with the defeat of the deeper corneal tissues and it does a complete loss.How to treat a cold sore on the eyes at home?Of course, the first step should be a visit to a specialist.Based on the diagnostics performed, it will be able to determine the type of agent and pick up the most effective medication to combat it.

By the way, oftalmogrepes can trigger two types of herpes - a Herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) (herpes simplex virus) and Varicella zoster (

chicken pox virus).Penetrating into healthy cells, the virus is incorporated into their DNA and using the apparatus of protein synthesis begins actively proliferate.healthy person's eyes are protected from contact with viruses and other infections.However, against the background of a strong reduction of protective functions of the body, as well as stress, exposure to cold and infectious diseases pathogens can easily penetrate into the body.Activation of herpes may also help:

  • Prolonged exposure to the sun;
  • eye injury;
  • Pregnancy;
  • Prolonged intake of immunosuppressants, cytostatics, and prostaglandins.

Herpes on the eyes is very contagious.Infection of a healthy person takes place through everyday through common items - hygiene, dishes or toys.Another way of infection - airborne.In some cases, secondary disease ophthalmoherpes acts when the contents of vesicles, for example, Herpes on the lips or chickenpox, gets to the eye mucosa.In most cases, this route of infection in children of preschool age due to high motor activity, stay in organized children's collectives and poor hygiene.


flow herpetic eye disease similar to the symptoms of allergic reactions and some bacterial infections.However, the primary infection with herpes virus symptoms are extremely rare.The characteristic clinical symptoms of herpes in front are:

  • Redness and swelling of the eyeball and eyelids;
  • tear;
  • Photophobia;
  • Reducing acute vision;
  • distortion of shapes and sizes of objects;
  • deterioration of twilight vision;
  • convulsive closure of the eyelids (blepharospasm);
  • Sensation of veil before the eyes;
  • pain during rotation of the eyeballs;
  • headaches and weakness;
  • slight rise in body temperature.

Herpes on the eyes and manifests as redness of the skin of the upper eyelids and severe itching, tingling at the site of the lesion.Later on the eyelids appear small watery blisters that a few days later and burst turbid, covered with a crust.The sores disappear completely in 2 weeks, leaving no trace.


In most cases ophthalmoherpes goes away.However, in order to prevent recurrence of infection, you need to know how to treat cold sores on the eyes at home.In this case, will be effective as drugs and traditional medicines.

Antiviral agents

advising patients about how to treat cold sores on the eyes, doctors often advise using acyclovir and its derivatives.Drug therapy is carried out locally (ointments and eye drops), and systemic (pills and injections).This integrated approach allows us to stop the multiplication of the virus and suppress herpes activity.The most popular means of directed action are:

  • vidarabine.Blocks the formation of the nucleic acids of the virus.Available in ointment form;
  • Acyclovir.It inhibits the enzymes involved in DNA synthesis.Administered in tablets for oral administration format and ointments for topical application;
  • Oftan IMU.Its effect is similar to acyclovir inhibits viral replication.This is one of the first drugs to treat ophthalmic.Available in the form of eye drops.

Traditional medicine

there are plenty of recipes in folk medicine how to treat cold sores on the eyes.However, to rely on them is only as an additional method of treatment in the fight against the virus.Well established following infusions of herbs to be used for eye compresses and lotions:

  • Medunitsa.2 teaspoons dry grass pour 500 ml boiling water, to insist 2 hours.Warm infusion patient eye wash 5-6 times a day for 10-12 days;
  • Arnica.1 tablespoon of arnica flowers pour a glass of boiling water, leave for 2-3 hours.The resulting extract rinse the affected eye every 2 hours.