fissure |How and what to treat anal fissure

Category Proctology | August 12, 2017 17:53


  • Causes Symptoms
  • Possible complications
  • Candles with anal fissure
  • Warm baths
  • Surgery

Anal rank third on the prevalence of diseases of the colon.anal fissures constitute a violation of the integrity of the mucous membrane.

How and what to treat anal fissure - a very topical issue.

timely treatment to avoid dangerous complications.


Even small cracks anus can turn a person's life into a nightmare.Discomfort, burning sensation and severe pain - a reason for referral to a specialist.A qualified doctor will not only tell you how to treat anal fissures, but also how to prevent their formation in the future.One of the common causes of anal fissure - it is constipation, which is a result of hard stool damage the delicate skin of this delicate area.The problem can occur in an acute or chronic form, in other words, a crack can take place within a few weeks, and there may be a longer time.Other factors contributing to the formation of anal fissures, act:

  • Birth injuries;
  • weakening of the pelvic muscles;
  • Chronic gastrointestinal disease;
  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • Alcohol abuse;
  • Weight lifting and hard physical work.

Doctors say that very often this phenomenon occurs in the background when the internal hemorrhoids prolapse hemorrhoids.If you have hemorrhoids, then this should definitely tell your doctor when you ask him a question, than to treat anal fissure.


Recognize the presence of anal fissures can be the following three symptoms:

  • pain in the anus;
  • bleeding from the anus;
  • spasm of the anal sphincter.

problem is growing in nature: the appearance of a symptom anal fissure and other manifestations are enhanced.For example, increasing the intensity of pain during bowel movement causes severe muscle spasm of the anus, which increases pain and prevents the healing of fractures.

Possible complications

pull on a visit to the doctor in this case is very dangerous.Acute anal fissures provoked short-term and a lot of pain, but the bleeding in this case is minimal.Chronic anal fissures in this respect are more dangerous: a long painful over time cause the patient's fear of defecation.In the absence of adequate and consistent treatment of the extent of the crack increases, the edges are sealed, causing severe pain and constipation.

Candles with anal fissure

drugs combined actions contribute to rapid healing of anal fissures and eliminates inflammation, has analgesic and hemostatics action.Well established in this respect:

  • Ultra-proctitis;
  • Proktozan;
  • Natalsid;
  • candles with propolis;
  • Salofalk.

use rectal suppositories is recommended after a bowel movement 1-2 times a day.The course of the treatment of anal fissures is 8-10 days.

Warm baths

Sit-bath quickly relaxes the muscles of the anal sphincter.

The following video offered traditional recipes of external funds for the treatment of anal fissures:

Perform the procedure preferably immediately after a bowel cleansing using enemas.Algorithm execution following:

  • In the bath, pour the water, where the temperature is not higher than 36-37 degrees;
  • Add a few crystals of potassium permanganate;
  • Sit in the bath at his heels, buttocks apart so that the water washed the anal canal;
  • Duration of procedure - 10 minutes.

After therapeutic baths is recommended to use ointments and suppositories for healing anal fissures.


How to treat anal fissure after failure of conservative treatment?Surgery - quite a radical method of treatment of anal fissures.It is carried out in the following cases:

  • Drug treatment does not give results within 6-8 weeks;
  • saved a lot of pain;
  • complications arise in the form of inflammation;
  • Chronic anal fissure combined with hemorrhoids.

Modern surgery is aimed at excision of anal fissure using minimally invasive techniques.