How and what to treat bursitis

Category Rheumatology | August 12, 2017 17:53


  • reasons
  • clinical picture of bursitis
  • Medication

excessive length of the load on the joint can provoke inflammation of the joint capsule or simply bursitis.Usually this disease is caused by trauma.

How and what treat bursitis joints?

inflammatory process is accompanied by increased production and accumulation of fluid in the cavities of the joint capsule.Elbows and shoulders - these joints are more prone to developing bursitis.This disease is one of professional pathologies.So for example, bursitis of the elbow joint is often called "tennis elbow" because it is athletes are frequent high physical stress on the body.


emergence of bursitis of the knee or elbow can be caused by two groups of reasons - infection or mechanical overexertion of the joint capsule due to its deformation when overloaded.Blows, falls and intensive training in various sports in which the burden falls on the elbows or knees, leading to inflammation of periarticular bag and filling it with liq

uid.In addition, the development of bursitis can promote and other factors:

  • calcium deposits in tendons;
  • Arthritis;
  • Gout;
  • Sprains, fractures and other damage to the joint;
  • sharp increase in physical activity.

For some infectious diseases, pathogenic microorganisms can penetrate into the periarticular bag, causing the development of purulent bursitis.However, sometimes the infection gets there directly - through an open wound.Violation of metabolic processes in the body is the cause of this form of the disease, as the lime bursitis.In this case there is a deposition of calcium salts, which often leads to disruption of the mobility of the affected joint.

clinical picture of bursitis

first symptom of disease is expressed by joint swelling.It generally occurs some time after the injury or intense physical activity.Since the first joint is moved normally, but no pain, the patient may not notice at the presence of bursitis.However, if at this stage does not see a doctor, an orthopedist with the question of how to treat bursitis joints, the disease will continue to develop.After some time, the joint capsule, overflowing liquid will begin to increase in volume, there will be severe pain, because of which restrict the mobility of the affected area.At this point, the skin may become red and hot.

If synovial fluid is not infected, the symptoms of bursitis in this confine.Otherwise, the patient's condition can rapidly deteriorate because of purulent process in the affected joint.Then to the manifestations described above to join the common symptoms of intoxication - chills and fatigue, fever and headaches.If at that time did not care about how to treat bursitis, will be a high probability of purulent forms of arthritis.


Consult your doctor or orthopedic surgeon, it is desirable even for the first symptoms of the disease.In this case, there are chances to stop the development of inflammation at the initial stage.In acute bursitis patients should adhere to the following guidelines:

  • complete rest.For some time it should be completely immobilize the diseased joint, respecting bed rest;
  • cold.Several times a day to the affected area apply an ice pack or frozen foods (vegetables, berries, etc.);
  • Compression.After cold compresses should be tightly fix the diseased joint elastic bandages, which will greatly reduce pain;
  • rise.If possible, try to keep the affected arm or knee bursitis in an elevated state, placing them under some pillows.

Than to treat bursitis, doctors recommend more?To reduce inflammation, reduce pain and edema, as well as to prevent the development of infections in joints experts administered to patients with such disorders reception antimicrobial, anesthetic and anti-inflammatory drugs.The dose and dosage regimen of medicines determined by a physician in accordance with the form, the clinical picture and the patient's age.Once the inflammation is eliminated, they can be assigned to physical therapy procedures, which will speed up the process of restoring joint mobility.