How to treat a cyst behind the knee

Category Rheumatology | August 12, 2017 17:53


  • Causes Symptoms
  • Medication
  • Surgery

popliteal cyst is a hernia, resulting in the knee joint.In medical circles it is also known as the Baker's cyst.

How to treat a cyst behind the knee is most effective?

treatment in each case, especially individually, since each patient's disease can occur in different ways.The disease is widespread among children of preschool age and in middle and old age people (35-70 years).Cyst formation under frequent knee injury is associated with this part of the body.As practice shows, the vast majority of knee cyst develops because of leg injuries.


Any damage to the knees, causing swelling, may provoke a Baker cyst.Doctors emphasize that the disease often is secondary, because it is formed on the background of a variety of changes in the structure of the knee joint.Among the main causes of a cyst behind the knee release:

  • Chronic inflammatory or joint diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and other);
  • damaged articular carti
    lage knee;
  • Degenerative changes meniscus structure.

Intense exercise on your knees is the main risk factor, since they increase the likelihood of injury against which the cyst may be formed later.


Sometimes the clinical picture of a cyst behind the knee can be very ambiguous.This is due to the fact that many patients simply do not cause any symptoms associated with the disease, in addition to a small swelling in the knee area.cyst size can vary from a few millimeters to centimeters in diameter.As a rule, get to medical patients with popliteal cysts from 1 to 3 cm possible symptoms of this disease may be:

  • Limitation of knee mobility;.
  • pain and discomfort behind the knee;
  • small swelling at the site of cyst formation.

In complex situations can arise knee cyst rupture, which occurs, for the most part, due to increased pressure.If the cyst becomes large, it can greatly compress the nerves, contributing to the emergence of pain.To solve the question of how to treat a cyst behind the knee, should be timely, otherwise the patient can cause serious complications such as thrombosis or thrombophlebitis veins, located in the lower leg.


Most doctors agree that medical therapy against popliteal cyst is not the most effective.Very often, drug treatment is performed after surgery.In such cases, doctors prescribe:

  • NSAIDs (creams and pills);
  • Medicinal blockade with the use of hormonal preparations;
  • Physiotherapy.

All this is aimed at eliminating the residual inflammation and pain.However, if the cyst is completely removed, there may be a recurrence of the disease.


How to treat a cyst behind the knee can be more?The basic direction - it's surgery.Method puncture surgeons remove popliteal cysts of various sizes.Using thick needle physician removes the accumulated fluid in the popliteal cup and then inputs steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (kenalog, hydrocortisone and analogs).This method gives a positive result, but only for a while.If you do not follow the doctor's orders regarding the limitation of physical activity a cavity filled with fluid again and again have to repeat the operation.

How to treat a cyst behind the knee can be surgically yet?Another more effective method - a complete removal of the cyst.The operation is performed under local anesthesia and lasts about 20 minutes.After the elimination of the formation of the knee stitched in the neck area.The sutures are removed, usually after 7-10 days.After that, the patient will undergo rehabilitation, but at home.The recovery period involves wearing a special elastic bandage, limitation of physical activity and the use of drugs to reduce inflammation.