How and what to treat bursitis of the knee joint

Category Rheumatology | August 12, 2017 17:53

Contents:

  • Factors Symptoms
  • Medication
  • Surgery

Bursa is an anatomical component of the knee joint.Its cells produce a special liquid, contributes to a better slip joints.

How to treat bursitis of the knee joint caused by inflammation of the joint capsule?

This part is several bursae, but usually the inflammatory process develops in only one of them.Given the focus of inflammation localization secrete several forms of bursitis.The disease is one of the most common, because the knee is often subjected to all sorts of injuries and bruises, which provokes inflammation.

Factors

knee joint is quite difficult comparison, because it is at this part has to the maximum load.The most common causes of bursitis are persistent minor knee injuries: bruises, wounds and abrasions, sprains.Not surprisingly, that suffer from this problem, for the most part, professional athletes and amateurs of active exercise.Also trigger an inflammatory process in the articular or periarticular knee bag are:

  • Autoimmune events (allergic reactions, metabolic disorders, immunodeficiency, etc.);
  • Overweight;
  • Increased physical activity;
  • Open knee joint injury;
  • Related diseases of the joints (rheumatism, gout, and other).

It should be noted that a certain type of bursitis characterized by triggers.For example, prepatellyarny bursitis occurs under the influence of long-term traumatic knees loads connected, as a rule, come from the patient's activity (roofers, parquet floor, etc.).

Symptoms

main complaint with which patients come to the doctor, is a severe pain in the knee joint.When inflammation of the synovial fluid production process changes that contributes to pain and other symptoms of bursitis:

  • Swelling of the upper part of the knee;
  • Limiting joint mobility;
  • deformation of the knee;
  • tumor formation round shape and soft to the touch;
  • Redness inflamed knee area.

When the infectious nature of bursitis can also be observed signs of intoxication of the organism: fever, headaches, chills, general lethargy and weakness.knee joint inflammation can cause stiffness, particularly after prolonged stay in a sitting or standing position.

Medication

How to treat bursitis of the knee solves only doctor.However, regardless of the form of the disease and the causes of the use of drugs is a must-see destination therapy.Given bursitis diagnosis in patients with the following groups of drugs may be administered:

  • Antibiotics (amoxiclav, lincomycin, doxycycline, etc.);
  • anti-inflammatory agent in the form of articular injection (diprospan, kenalog and other steroids);
  • NSAID tablets and outdoor media (diclofenac, ibuprofen, voltaren and indomethacin);
  • Analgesics.

How to treat bursitis of the knee joint by medication can be more?In addition to medication in patients assigned a course of therapeutic massage and physiotherapy (paraffin and magnetic therapy, electrophoresis, etc.).These events are held during the recovery phase of treatment with a view to permanently eliminate inflammation, to stabilize the knee joint and improve its mobility.

Surgery

When purulent bursitis with surgery performed with drug therapy.During the operation, the pus is removed by draining the joint capsule.

In the following video - treatment of bursitis traditional methods:

cavity is washed with a disinfectant solution and injected antibiotics and pus samples sent for bacteriological examination, which allows to determine the causative agent and assign the patient to the most effective antibiotics.Baker's cyst - another kind of bursitis, which is usually subjected to conservative treatment.But pronounced violations knee mobility, it can be cast down surgically removed.