How and what to treat erosive gastritis

Category Gastroenterology | August 12, 2017 17:53

Contents:

  • reasons
  • Symptoms
  • Regimen
  • Medication
  • Diet
  • Refusal of bad habits

erosive gastritis, although it is the most common form of the disease, it is still poorly understoodphysicians.The true reasons for its development have not been established so far.

How and what treat erosive gastritis in the home?

At the initial stage of gastric lesions may be small.

reasons

Despite the fact that the true cause of erosive lesions of the gastric mucosa by physicians has not been established to date, any organ damage arising from exposure to irritants at him.Therefore, solution to the problem how to treat erosive gastritis should be directed primarily to the elimination of these factors and protection of the mucosa from further influence.In the early stages of erosive gastritis can not express themselves because of a minor injury area.However, with the progression of the disease mucosal damage area increases, which immediately affects the patient's health.The risk of developing the diseas

e are able to raise the following negative factors:

  • Contact bile, and bile acids in the stomach.This phenomenon leads to disruption of passage through the digestive tract of food;
  • Helicobacter pylori.Direct evidence of the impact of these bacteria on the development of erosive lesions in the stomach is not.However, their presence in the body can complicate the process of treatment of the disease;
  • Stress and nervous stress.These conditions produce amplified adrenaline, cortisol and thyroxine in the blood, which leads to the erosive lesion of the stomach.

Doctors also note the negative impact of anti-inflammatory drugs (aspirin, diclofenac and paracetamol) in the gastric mucosa, especially during long-term administration.

Symptoms

There are two forms of flow of gastritis - acute and chronic.In acute gastritis symptoms appear suddenly and the patient's condition deteriorates.Suspected acute erosive gastritis can be the following symptoms:

  • Heartburn;
  • The feeling of heaviness in the stomach after meals;
  • Nausea and vomiting streaked with blood (rare);
  • dull aching pain in the stomach, worse after eating;
  • Heartburn and acid regurgitation;
  • Abdominal pain occurring together with a sense of hunger.

When these unpleasant symptoms should immediately consult a doctor, a gastroenterologist.And if in acute erosive gastritis clinical picture is characterized by brightness and sudden manifestations, when all the chronic form is somewhat different.For a long time the disease may be asymptomatic.Later, you may experience these warning signs like bloating, nausea, poor appetite, stool and vomiting blood.

Regimen

Today, medical diagnostics allows you to get the most accurate results of the survey and assess the data correctly.If you suspect erosive gastritis gastroscopy procedure is usually performed.It allows you to identify all the damage in the stomach, to determine their number and precise location.In the future, these data will help a specialist to decide what to treat erosive gastritis is most effective in each case.Scheme of treatment of this disease has traditionally includes three areas - drug therapy, therapeutic diets and giving up bad habits.This integrated approach makes it possible not only to eliminate existing damage to the gastric mucosa, but also to prevent their further occurrence.

Medication

consists of several stages: the elimination of the causes of gastritis, normalization of gastric acidity and restore the body mucosa.Achieving these goals is accomplished by the use of the following drugs, respectively:

  • Antibiotics.In the case of bacterial gastritis appointed tetracycline drugs, amoxicillin and levofloxacin for long-term use;
  • antacids and acid blockers.Rennie, Almagelum Maalox and protect the stomach lining from aggressive gastric juice and allow to adjust its chemical composition;
  • Reducing agents.Iberogast trental and improve the supply of affected tissues with oxygen, increasing their regeneration.

As in the treatment of gastric acid composition varies, the body needs additional enzymes for better digestion.Strengthen the secretory function of the help mezim, Digestal and pancreatin.And how to treat erosive gastritis with severe pain in the abdomen?This problem will help to cope painkillers (papaverine and no-spa).

Diet

Special meals - the key to successful treatment of chronic erosive gastritis and preventing its recurrence.How to treat erosive gastritis through diet?Patients should adhere to the following guidelines in nutrition:

  • Exclude from the diet of fried, marinated and canned food, hot spices and spices, pickles and smoked;
  • Avoid alcohol and fizzy drinks, sweets and starchy foods, coffee, freshly squeezed citrus juices;
  • Include in the diet of a large number of dairy products (except milk);
  • Enrich daily diet light vegetable soups with the addition of lean meat, cereals (oats, buckwheat and barley) and mashed potatoes without butter, steamed vegetables;
  • from protein sources give preference to low-fat fish and a couple of chicken eggs (steam scrambled eggs, hard-boiled or soft-boiled);
  • Eat 4-5 times a day in small portions;
  • chew food, not to injure the gastric mucosa solids.

Refusal of bad habits

exception of alcohol and smoking - is another important component of successful treatment of gastritis.Nicotine and alcohol especially on an empty stomach greatly damage the stomach lining and disrupt the body process blood supply.So, even finding, than to treat erosive gastritis, but at the same time, continuing to smoke and drink, you can not get rid of the disease.