How and what to treat endometriosis

Category Gynecology | August 12, 2017 17:53

Contents:

  • Factors
  • Signs
  • Treatment Medications
  • Prevention

Approximately 10-15% of women aged 20-45 years diagnosed with endometriosis.Pathological process may span multiple pelvic organs.

How and what to treat endometriosis in women of childbearing age?

Despite the prevalence of the disease its exact causes are not fully established.

Factors

Endometriosis - a condition in which tissue growth occurs outside the uterine cavity.Now many doctors explain that the disease genetic predisposition.According to other experts, endometriosis, uterus is a gynecological manifestations of systemic disease, which results from dysfunction of the immune and hormonal processes.Contributing factors in the development of uterine endometriosis can be:

  • Obstructed labor;
  • a baby after 30 years;
  • Caesarean section;
  • Abortion;
  • cervical Diathermocoagulation;
  • Medical intervention on the eve of menstruation.

According to some reports, the chances are high of the uterus endometriosis in patients with

thyroid disease, especially in patients with autoimmune thyroiditis and violation of pituitary hormones.

Signs

clinical picture of the uterus endometriosis is very controversial.In some cases, the disease is bright, and the other - virtually asymptomatic.And even in the first case, when clearly seen signs of violations, a woman can only speculate about the possible endometriosis, as the symptoms may be owned and other gynecological diseases.Typical clinical manifestations of uterine endometriosis are:

  • Painful menstruation;
  • Pain in the lower abdomen;
  • Spotting before and after menstruation;
  • Uterine bleeding;
  • pain during intercourse, and bowel movement;
  • Weight gain;
  • Problems with the onset of pregnancy due to lack of ovulation.

In some cases, the pathologic process involves the adjacent organs, located in the small pelvis.As a result, women may experience symptoms of disruption of the rectum or bladder - constipation, frequent urination, blood in the urine, etc.Diagnosis of uterine endometriosis complicated by the fact that it has a similar clinical picture to other pelvic pathology.Therefore, the appearance of at least one of the above symptoms, you should see a doctor and undergo a full examination of the pelvic organs.

Treatment

Patients accessing the gynecologist with similar symptoms, ask the same question: how to treat endometriosis?In this respect, modern medicine offers two ways of treatment - hormonal therapy and surgery.Also, in order to combat endometriosis gynecologists often prescribed woman receiving herbal medicines to restore hormonal levels in the body, increase immunity, and normalization of the system and the pelvic organs.

Medications

Drug therapy is aimed at suppressing ovarian activity and inhibition of endometrial tissue growth.Than to treat endometriosis, doctors recommend today?

  • Gestagens (dydrogesterone, norethisterone, linestrenol);
  • Estrogen-progestin preparations;
  • Danazol;
  • Gestrinone and agonists of gonadotropin-releasing hormone.

These hormones at the time of stopping the menstrual cycle, allowing destroy the endometriosis of different localization.

Prevention

To further re not faced with the question of how to treat endometriosis, women of childbearing age should follow some preventive measures:

  • Limit the use of tampons;
  • less nervous;
  • Most walk in the fresh air;
  • Do not lift heavy objects, especially during menstruation;
  • sleep for 8-9 hours a day;
  • abstain from sexual intercourse during menstruation;
  • lead an active life (morning exercise or jogging).

These simple recommendations will help to normalize the hormones in the female body, improve brain function and promote the natural outflow of blood from the vagina during menstruation.