How to treat adenomyosis

Category Gynecology | August 12, 2017 17:53

Contents:

  • reasons
  • clinical picture
  • Treatment
  • Analgesics
  • Contraceptive drugs
  • analogues of gonadotropin-releasing hormone
  • Surgery

Any violation of the menstrual cycle for a woman may faceserious problems.Adenoioz - one of them.

How to treat adenomyosis woman at different stages of the disease?

Many doctors recommend starting treatment of this disease with the simplest and least invasive means.

reasons

Adenomyosis - a uterine disease in which endometrial cells begin to grow into the muscular layer of the body.Because of this, the inflammatory process begins to develop, and the uterus is greatly increased in size.Causes of adenomyosis doctors are not fully understood.However, there are several theories, one way or another to explain the mechanisms of the disease.Possible reasons for adenomyosis can be:

  • Needless to active life;
  • Heavy exercise and working conditions;
  • Prolonged exposure to the sun and solariums;
  • Overvoltage nervous system, constant stress;
  • undergone surgery on the uterus.

risk of adenomyosis is particularly elevated in women over the age of 35-40 years who have given birth on their own or by caesarean section.Often, experts say that adenomyosis can result in infertility.However, such an outcome is possible only in combination with other disease pathological conditions in the female body.

clinical picture

disease develops in stages.Given the fact that the uterus consists of several layers, adenomyosis develops gradually.The number of endometrial cells with the appearance of the disease is greatly increased, and the mucous membrane gradually thicken, sprouting from the uterus due to intervening tissues and muscles.There are the following stages of the process:

  • 1 stage.The endometrium grows in the body of the intermediate layer;
  • 2 stage.Penetration into the muscle layer is less than half;
  • 3 stage.The endometrium sprouted into muscle tissue more than half;
  • 4 stage.Complete loss of muscle tissue and endometrial exit in the abdominal cavity.

suspect the presence of adenomyosis can be on such characteristic symptoms such as cramping pelvic pain before, during and after menstruation;spotting a dark color at the beginning and end of the month;reduction of the menstrual cycle;pain during intercourse in the lower abdomen.Uterus adenomyosis at growing an average of 2-3 times.In view of this, some women can easily find a dense round education in the pubic area.

Treatment

How to treat adenomyosis woman?In the early stages of development effective drug therapy.However, it is not recommended to take drugs, especially painkillers without a prescription.Uncontrolled medications that do not meet the disease, can cause a number of complications: anemia, and often infertility.

Analgesics

Persistent pain in the lower abdomen greatly reduce the quality of life in patients with adenomyosis.In order to alleviate the condition of patients, doctors prescribed analgesics (acetaminophen) and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Contraceptive drugs

menstrual disorders, spotting and uterine bleeding in adenomyosis are easily eliminated by birth control pills (Yasmin, Jeannine, and others).They do not cure the disease itself, but help reduce or even eliminate the severity of symptoms.

analogues of gonadotropin-releasing hormone

Buserelin, Zoladex and Sinarel - one of the most effective medications that doctors recommend for the treatment of adenomyosis.Taking these drugs at the time of the menstrual cycle stops and the work of women ovaries.As a consequence of the inflammatory process in the pockets of the uterus begin to decrease gradually, and the symptoms become less noticeable.Duration of this type of hormone is less than 6 months.However, to the end of the treatment course adenomyosis symptoms do not return, the doctor prescribes receiving contraceptive drugs.

Surgery

Under certain circumstances, the doctor may take a crucial decision about how to treat adenomyosis.Removal of the uterus - is a serious operation, which is indicated for:

  • there are significant uterine bleeding, resulting in massive blood loss;
  • lack of planning another pregnancy in women who already have children;
  • premenopausal age (45-50 years);
  • adenomyosis Coupled with undesirable changes of the cervix and endometrium.