How to treat angina heart

Category Cardiology | August 12, 2017 17:53

Contents:

  • Causes Symptoms Treatment
  • Preparations
  • not medicated ways

Sudden chest pain, does not stop even after taking medicines, signal the possible angina.In most cases the disease is caused by atherosclerosis.

Knowing how to treat angina, heart, you can quickly get rid of this problem.

prevent and even cure this disease can not only with the help of medication.

reasons

Angina is characterized by paroxysmal chest pain caused by lack of blood supply to the heart.In medical practice called angina clinical form of ischemic heart disease.Among the main causes of this phenomenon doctors call atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries of the heart.At the initial stage significantly narrowed artery lumen, limiting blood flow to the heart.As a result of increased physical or mental stress, and stress in patients having angina.Provoke the disease can also be other factors:

  • severe stress, entailing an increase in blood pressure and a sharp spasm of vessels;
  • Anemia or increased blood
    viscosity lead to a reduction in the circulation of oxygen in the body and increase the risk of blood clots, respectively;
  • Low physical activity;
  • Smoking (promotes continuous narrowing of blood vessels);
  • hereditary factor (the cases of heart failure and seizures in direct relatives);
  • Diabetes;
  • Diseases of the thyroid gland;
  • Age and Gender.The group of risk of development of angina pectoris, for the most part, the men get up to 55 years and women after menopause, due to hormonal reorganization;
  • unbalanced diet.Overeating and predominance in the diet food of animal origin.

Typically, angina occur suddenly.The patient may be a long time not to speculate about the existence of the problem, as long as it does not manifest itself accordingly.Therefore, you should consult a specialist to decide on how to treat angina, heart, in order to avoid more serious consequences of ischemic myocardial disease.

Symptoms

As mentioned earlier, angina attack - a natural phenomenon, which can occur after severe stress or elevated unusual for the body to exercise.During an attack the patient feels discomfort and chest pain, which may also radiate to the left arm or shoulder, neck and even the lower jaw.Pain is often accompanied by a sense of anxiety and fear, and in the supine position can be strengthened.It is noteworthy that nitroglycerin does not resolve the chest pain of angina pectoris.In many cases it appears the manifestation of a serious illness, so the question of how to treat angina, heart, should not be delayed indefinitely.Note manifested symptoms of the disease:

  • constant aching pain in the chest;
  • Pain does not depend on physical effort;
  • attack pain lasts more than 15-20 minutes;
  • When receiving nitroglycerin pain does not stop, or worse.

Adrift disease are three types of angina: initial, stable and unstable.New-onset angina symptoms appear within a month, after which comes a decline or transformation of the disease in the stage of stable angina.When a stable form of the disease pain attacks occur regularly after physical or emotional strain.Such angina can act as a symptom of a developing myocardial infarction.Finally, unstable angina - disease accompanied by sudden onset, even at rest.This type of angina is most dangerous to health, as it carries a high risk of heart attack and requires hospitalization.

Treatment

In deciding how to treat angina, heart specialist has several objectives:

  • detection and treatment of latent diseases burdening for angina pectoris;
  • Addressing the causes that provoke atherosclerotic changes in vessels;
  • Reducing the symptoms, improve the quality of life for the patient and improving his health;
  • Prevention of complications (heart attack and heart failure).

To implement them, doctors prescribe to patients with cardiac angina complex treatment.It includes not only the medication but also changing lifestyle and nutrition of the patient.

Preparations

medicines would greatly improve the prognosis of the disease and to eliminate some of the symptoms.How to treat angina, heart medication?In this case, doctors prescribe the following groups of products:

  • prevents blood clots - acetylsalicylic acid and clopidogrel;
  • Beta-blockers, to bring down the heart needs blood - metoprolol and atenolol;Preparations
  • lowering cholesterol - atorvastatin and simvastatin, and others.

not medicated ways

How to treat angina, heart yet?Non-drug treatments do not play a role in this matter.Changing lifestyle and diet is a fundamental factor in the patient's recovery.To cure angina and to prevent its further occurrence, you must:

  • Take vitamin and mineral complex that optimizes the metabolic processes in the body;
  • Quitting smoking and alcohol;
  • eliminate stress, ensuring full patient rest;
  • Compliance with a special diet that excludes fatty and fried foods, as well as tonic beverages (coffee, strong tea).