Than to treat heart pain

Category Cardiology | August 12, 2017 17:53

Contents:

  • reasons
  • Types pain
  • Preparations
  • Nitrates
  • antiplatelet agents Beta-blockers

chest discomfort, especially in the heart, many of us have experienced.Over time, they may increase, thereby signaling a malfunction in the body.

Than to treat heart pain - a question that requires a consultation with a qualified professional.

Self-medication is dangerous and can only aggravate the symptoms in a given situation.

reasons

Every year, the death rate from cardiovascular disease is growing rapidly.In most cases, problems with the heart and blood vessels are the result of poor lifestyle and bad habits.However, doctors are isolated and other causes of these diseases, which can be congenital, hereditary or even infectious in nature.Because of the nature and causes of cardiovascular disease can be divided into five groups:

  • Rheumatic.It provokes a viral or bacterial infection.On the part of the heart may occur diseases such as endocarditis, pericarditis, and myocarditis;
  • Syphilitic.Syphilis affects the aortic wall and its valve.Thus, blood ejected from the heart into the aorta flows freely into the left ventricle, which accumulates and creates increased pressure;
  • atherosclerosis and diseases of high blood pressure.Provoke narrowing of the arteries and heart blood supply deterioration.The combination of high stress and a weakened heart muscle causes damage to the body;
  • Congenital.Almost do not manifest themselves, but can be found randomly in the prophylactic examination (aortic stenosis, hypoplasia, and others);
  • functionality.Constitute a violation of the heart, it does not lead to organic changes and diseases (tachycardia).

Types of pain

All diseases of the myocardium at different stages are accompanied by chest pain, especially in her left the field.But before than to treat pain in the heart, you must be defined as the cause of their appearance and character.By origin heartaches are divided into two types:

  • anginal pain that occurs at various stages of coronary artery disease;
  • cardialgia caused by inflammation in the myocardium, congenital heart sosudstymi diseases and heart diseases and vegetative-vascular dystonia.

anginal pain, also known as ischemic or stenokardicheskie arise from insufficient blood supply to the heart, which often occurs when increased physical or emotional stress.Ischemic heart pain are oppressive and constricting character, accompanied by shortness of breath and, as a rule, of irradiation in the left shoulder, the hand or under the shoulder blade.Cardialgia characterized by prolonged aching or stabbing pains, worse cough, and breathing.After receiving nitroglycerin they do not disappear, and often worse.

Preparations

For the overwhelming majority of the population of solution to the problem than to treat pain in the heart, not a problem.Many people mistakenly believe that the most effective drugs to combat this symptom is Corvalol and validol.However, the attacks of angina heart and other diseases, they are ineffective.Many doctors advise taking Corvalol and validol with stress, irritability, nervousness, heart palpitations and insomnia.Of course, for some time, these drugs can be removed and pain in the heart, but the true cause of their remains unclear, which could then considerably complicate treatment.So how to treat heart pain most effectively?Doctors cardiologists typically prescribe their patients the following groups of products:

Nitrates

In turn, the nitrates are divided into several subgroups:

  • Nitroglycerin (Nitromintum, nitrong fort nitrokor);
  • Preparations based on isosorbide dinitrate (iso-mak 20 nitrosorbid, etc.);
  • Funds based iosorbida mononitrate (Olikard retard pektrol, Efoksa Long).

The above group of drugs designed to eliminate cardiac pain associated with coronary heart disease, the prevention of strokes and myocardial reinfarction, and for the treatment of chronic heart failure.

Antiaggregants

Some of these drugs include such as aspirin, and cardiomagnil klipodogrel.The mechanism of action is based on improving the rheological properties of blood.They effectively reduce inflammation and increase blood flow on the heart vessels.Some products marked antipyretic and analgesic effect.

Beta-blockers

Beta-blockers than to treat heart pain no less effective include propranolol, metoprolol and atenolol.These drugs decrease the heart's need for oxygen by reducing the amount of heart muscle contractions.Beta-blockers are used actively in the treatment of arrhythmias and high blood pressure.