What and how to treat multiple sclerosis

Category Neurology | August 12, 2017 17:53

Contents:

  • reasons
  • clinical picture
  • Treatment
  • Interval treatment

Multiple sclerosis is a complex disease of the nervous system that affects mainly the brain and spinal cord.The course of the disease depends entirely on the affected area.

What and how to treat multiple sclerosis - an issue that requires detailed consideration.

Successful treatment is possible only through an integrated approach to the problem.

reasons

Despite the rapid development of modern medicine causes of multiple sclerosis to date not well understood.Doctors can tell with confidence only that the disease begins to develop rapidly after the failure of the immune system, which can be caused by a wide variety of reasons.Among the main risk factors for the emergence of multiple sclerosis, doctors particularly isolated:

  • Heredity and of virus, especially if the patient as a child had been ill mononucleosis;
  • infectious diseases (measles, chicken pox, herpes, influenza, etc.);
  • Head injuries;
  • unbalanced diet with
    a predominance in the diet of animal products and saturated fats;
  • strong stress;
  • Chronic intoxication (exposed residents of the regions where the company concentrated metallurgy, oil refining and chemical industries);
  • accommodation in the northern regions, where there is a lack of sunlight.

Initially, multiple sclerosis occurs in mild form.After diagnosis, patients are usually 10-15 years lead normal fulfilling life, but then the disease begins to progress rapidly.On the human life span multiple sclerosis does not affect.

clinical picture

for multiple sclerosis is characterized by many symptoms.This is because the sclerotic plaques can occur in various areas of the brain and spinal cord, thereby causing a variety of malfunctions.Before treat multiple sclerosis, you must verify the accuracy of the diagnosis.This issue must be engaged in only by a qualified physician.Wake-up call early stages of multiple sclerosis will be the following symptoms:

  • Cerebellar and movement disorders.Manifested in the fact that the patient is difficult to run and walk, begin to have problems with balance and coordination of movements;
  • defeat of the optic nerve.In connection with this violation vision deteriorates, which is then easily transferred to blindness and a sense of blurred images of the surrounding objects;
  • Reduction or loss of sensation in the limbs.Sudden muscle weakness in arms and legs, which is characterized by numbness, tingling extremities, and the appearance of ants, requires urgent treatment to the doctor;
  • Nervous system disorders.Neurotic disorders in this case to cause problems with the administration functions of the body.In a patient with multiple sclerosis observed urinary retention, or the inability to restrain the act of defecation;
  • Psihopatieskie violations.Multiple sclerosis patient generates emotional instability, making him irritable, lethargic and apathetic.

In some cases, as a first sign of multiple sclerosis are the vegetative-vascular dystonia, the defeat of the facial nerve or autonomic-endocrine disorders, leading to disruption of the menstrual cycle in women and impotence in men.

Treatment

With full confidence that multiple sclerosis is curable, modern doctors can not yet.However, if a couple of decades ago, the disease inevitably led to a wheelchair, but now found effective ways to treat multiple sclerosis, preventing relapses and maintaining a normal quality of life of the patient.

In the video below talked about preparations for the treatment of multiple sclerosis and their storage:

Every year there are new drugs that affect the immune system: they selectively kill invasive cells immunity, slowing down the disease.Than to treat multiple sclerosis, doctors offer today?In acute diseases, when new symptoms can appear, requires reception of cortisone and adrenocorticotropic hormone in the form of pills or injections.Their action is aimed at reducing the immune activity and prevention of functional disorders.

Interval treatment

The goal of this therapy - restoration of nerve cells in between exacerbations, as well as the protection of the brain and spinal cord from attacking cells.When the interval following treatment drugs are used most often:

  • Azathioprine;
  • Mitoxantrone;
  • Beta-interferon;
  • Cyclosporin A.

Appointment of certain drugs and their dosages definition provides only the attending physician.