How and what to treat bronchitis

Category Throat | August 12, 2017 17:53

Contents:

  • reasons
  • Acute
  • Chronic
  • Allergic
  • Symptoms
  • Treatment
  • Medicines
  • Phytotherapy

Tracheobronchitis or tracheitis - an inflammatory disease that affects the mucous membranes of the bronchi, trachea, orbronchioles.In most cases, it occurs as a complication of influenza or SARS.

How and what treat bronchitis - a serious matter enough.

complexity of its treatment is that it can be caused by a variety of reasons.

reasons

Tracheobronchitis in most cases develop on the background of respiratory viral diseases.Inadequate treatment and lowered immunity only contribute to the development of the disease.To understand how to treat bronchitis, first of all, you must install the root cause.It is very important time to fight the disease.Beginning in the throat, inflammation quickly spreads in the larynx, trachea and bronchi, which could seriously complicate the patient's healing process.

Sometimes the disease develops so rapidly that some of its stages is impossible to distinguish.In

some cases, bronchitis may develop itself, without prior cold.However, doctors say that it is most likely an early manifestation of pertussis or measles.There are several types of tracheobronchitis, which differ in the course of the process, but also the causes of.Acute

Represents top of inflammation airways, in particular the throat mucosa.The cause of acute tracheobronchitis - viruses and bacteria (streptococci, staphylococci and pneumococci).Among the factors triggering the disease also produce severe hypothermia, alcohol abuse and smoking, severe trauma with subsequent deformation of the chest and nasal cavity.

Chronic

chronic tracheobronchitis develops over time in smokers and those who are forced to reside in a dusty environment.Very often a concomitant disease of the respiratory tract pathologies, heart, paranasal sinuses, and kidneys.In this form of the disease is frequently observed atrophy and hypertrophy of the tracheal mucosa.

Allergic

This form tracheobronchitis develops against the backdrop of falling of dust particles, often household type, the mucous membrane of the throat.Further accession viral infections, hypothermia and stress only accelerate the process of developing the disease.Allergic bronchitis can be caused by allergy to house dust.

Symptoms

Clinical manifestations tracheobronchitis throughout the inflammation can vary depending on what part of the respiratory tract is involved in the process.The main symptoms are:

  • Cough.At the beginning of the disease - a dry cough with little phlegm, which gradually transformed into a more productive form with pus.Seizures worse at night and can cause a gag reflex;
  • temperature.Throughout the illness has been a slight rise in body temperature (37-37,5), but sometimes there may be a short-term rise to 39 degrees;
  • pain and a burning sensation in the chest;
  • wheezing when breathing;
  • Shortness of breath and rapid breathing;
  • Sweating;
  • minor ailments.

If on a background of frequent attacks of coughing occurs this symptom as hoarse voice, it is very likely laryngitis accession.If time does not see a doctor to the question how to treat bronchitis, the disease may become a dangerous form - pneumonia or inflammation of the lungs.

Treatment

Today we know many methods of treatment of tracheobronchitis.The choice of treatment is carried out on the basis of cause of the disease, the patient's age and clinical manifestations of inflammation.Than to treat bronchitis modern experts recommend?

Medicines

Drug therapy remains one of the leading trends in the treatment of respiratory diseases, such as tracheobronchitis.The choice of medication depends on the cause and provoke an inflammatory process.Consider the main groups of drugs:

  • antiviral and antibacterial drugs.Medications broad-spectrum (aflubin, Arbidol, anaferon) are active against bacteria and viruses, which are a frequent cause of tracheobronchitis;
  • Mucolytics.The drugs have expectorant and antitussive effect, effectively removing phlegm from the lungs.Widely used in traheobronhite Lasolvan, bromhexine, ambroxol and gedeliks.

Phytotherapy

Than to treat bronchitis, you can still except drugs?Are very effective drug charges as part of a steam inhalation.In order to improve the patient's well-being just enough for 6-8 procedures 5-10 minutes each.When traheobronhite use the following charges:

  • mullein flowers, grass succession and plantain leaves (2: 1: 1);
  • rosemary leaves, grass oregano and mother-and-stepmother (1: 2: 3);
  • rhizome Marshmallow, herb St. John's wort and yarrow, thyme (3: 2: 2: 1).