How to treat allergic to antibiotics

Category Pediatrics | August 12, 2017 17:53

Contents:

  • Factors Symptoms Treatment
  • Preparations

Allergic reactions are aimed, first and foremost, to protect the body from external stimuli.Allergies can manifest itself not only in the pollen or animal dander, but also for drugs.

The problem of how to treat allergic to antibiotics, patients are facing all age groups.

Most often, doctors are faced with an allergic reaction to penicillin drugs group.

Factors

Unified reasons contributing to the development of allergy to antibiotics, does not exist.Doctors also may not allocate a specific factor that increases the body's sensitivity to certain antibiotics.Often, drug allergies are confused with an unwanted reaction to an antibiotic called idiosyncrasy.This group of reactions with the flow similar to allergies, which are caused by hypersensitivity of the immune system to a non-specific agents.Thus idiosyncrasy causes pathological changes in the body of patients.To learn how to treat allergic to antibiotics, it is necessary to under

stand the causes of its origin.Among the factors that provoke a strong reaction to the administration of drugs immunity, allergy include:

  • Long-term use of injecting drugs in high doses;
  • Concomitant diseases (HIV, gout, lymphocytic leukemia, etc.);
  • Genetic predisposition;
  • Heredity;
  • frequent refresher courses of the same antibiotic;
  • Viral infections.

probability of occurrence of allergic reactions increases with the dosage of the drug and the duration of his admission.However, despite the fact that allergic reactions to drugs represents only 2% of the total, they can result in severe complications or death.

Symptoms

Clinical manifestations of allergy to antibiotics can occur both in the form of local reactions, and internal symptoms that affect the entire body.In particular, the latter characteristic of the middle-aged people.Children and elderly people have allergic reactions to medications are less pronounced.Consider the basic symptoms that occur with allergies to antibiotics:

  • hives.It is characterized by the appearance of red spots on the skin that can merge together.Also, there is itching and burning sensation of affected areas;
  • Angioedema.It manifested in the form of swelling of certain parts of the body of the patient (the throat, lips, eyes, fingers, etc.), itching and reddening of the skin;
  • Skin rashes.Allergic rashes can have different size and spread both throughout the body, and in its individual parts (arms, abdomen, face, etc.);
  • Photosensitivity.Public areas of the skin, which is sunlight, may appear redness and vesicles, filled with clear liquid.Also, there is itching.

In more severe cases, allergic to antibiotics may be complicated by anaphylactic shock, syvorotochnopodobnym syndrome or drug fever.

Treatment

To understand how to treat allergic to antibiotics in the first place, it is necessary to confirm the diagnosis.To do this, an allergist use modern methods of diagnosis:

  • Skin tests.The skin of the forearm of the patient held small scratches, which are then applied antibacterials.When skin changes hypersensitivity is confirmed;
  • Blood Test for immunoglobulin E.

How to treat allergic to antibiotics offer modern doctors?At the moment, medical therapy is reduced to a few principles - is the abolition of antibiotics and replacement drugs from another group, the appointment of antihistamines and desensitization.

Preparations

If you have symptoms of local cutaneous drug allergy doctor prescribes a patient receiving antihistamines (loratadine, tsetrin, etc.) Is the creams for external use tablet format.And to remove antibiotics from the organism need to receive enterosorbents (polisorb, activated carbon, enterosgel).Admission Scheme and the dosage of the drug is prescribed strictly physician.More pronounced allergic reactions require the introduction into the patient hormonal agents.If anaphylactic shock is used adrenaline.