Front: Symptoms and Treatment

Category Disease | August 12, 2017 17:53


  • Types sinusitis
  • Causes of sinusitis
  • Symptoms of sinusitis
  • Treating sinusitis
  • consequences of sinusitis
  • Prevention


Diseases are not divided into less or more dangerous.By the unpleasant consequences even common cold can lead.If you still try to categorize the disease, taking into account the degree of danger to human life, the most fatal are those that are somehow connected with the head.At stake is the brain.His death leads to the death of the whole organism.

called sinusitis inflammation of the frontal sinuses.Front - a kind of sinusitis, which implies an inflammation of one or more of the paranasal sinuses.

Types sinusitis

Scientists distinguish between acute and chronic sinusitis.The emergence of the chronic form of the disease is preceded by acute.The most common acute sinusitis occurs when measles, rhinitis and flu.In addition, acute sinusitis may occur in inflammation of the frontal bone in the fronto-nasal canal.In the absence of the necessary treatme

nt of acute becomes chronic, and chronic form of the disease is accompanied by other lesions of the paranasal sinuses.

Causes of sinusitis

most often lead to the emergence of sinusitis:

  • lack of adequate treatment of rhinitis or rhinitis;
  • constant presence of bacteria (e.g., Staphylococcus) in humans.The bacteria usually present in the body in minimal amounts, are not harmful and do not cause discomfort.However, with the appearance of the necessary conditions for reproduction (for example, with the weakening of immunity) dramatically increases the amount of bacteria, their presence in the body is dangerous to human health and life;
  • some past illnesses (diphtheria, scarlet fever, etc...);
  • adenoids.Rarely bother the patient to reach a certain size.Viral diseases in most cases provoke significant increase adenoids that causes mucosal edema.As a result, the channel between the paranasal sinuses and nasal course overlaps;
  • difficulty of nasal breathing caused by nasal trauma.The emergence of sinusitis in the preparation of nasal trauma is most typical for athletes.

There are also so-called predisposing factors that indirectly contribute to the emergence of the disease:

  • inborn errors of the anatomical structure of the nasal cavity;
  • allergic rhinitis;
  • weakened immune system;
  • growths in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses;
  • chronic respiratory diseases.

Symptoms of sinusitis

Determine sinusitis symptoms can not always be yourself.Some may be similar to symptoms of other diseases.

One of the first signs of acute sinusitis becomes a headache.The patient may experience pain in the eyes and photophobia.Nasal breathing is much more difficult.There are abundant serous, and then sero-purulent nasal discharge.Body temperature may rise to 38-39 ° or be low grade.At the medial corner of the eye can be observed swelling of the soft tissues.The mucosa is hyperemic, and the front end of the middle shell swells.When sinusitis performance ratio is sharply reduced.The patient feels a lack of energy, gets tired quickly, refuses food and a sense of apathy.Observed sleep disorders.Unpleasant bursting sensation in the nose can also indicate the presence of frontal sinusitis.

When the disease has passed in the chronic form, the clinical picture is much less pronounced.Symptoms may appear and then disappear.Headache in chronic sinusitis is oppressive or aching in nature or may be completely absent.In the chronic form of the disease often feel a headache in the supine position.Pain localized to the area of ​​the affected sinus.Pain is greatly enhanced at elevated pressures.When pressed on the inner corner of the eye socket or an upper wall pain is especially sharp.Discharge from the nose acquire an unpleasant smell (in the acute form, it often is not).Especially abundant selection are in the morning.In addition, the patient is often in the morning coughing up phlegm, as during sleep allocation drain into the nasal passages.In this regard, the chronic frontal sinusitis is often observed nocturnal cough.That is why the conduct of rhinoscopy is recommended in the morning, after a patient takes a vertical position.

In the chronic form of the disease the mucous membrane of the anterior end of the middle turbinate edema and hyperemia.

Constant runny nose becomes one of the main symptoms of chronic sinusitis.If rhinitis is not treatable by traditional and non-traditional means, it can be a sign of the presence of the disease.

In chronic sinusitis is characterized by loss of only one of the nasal sinuses.The nasal cavity can be observed deformation processes caused by pathogenic pressurized contents.The chronic form may also be accompanied by symptoms such as:

  • inflammation of the wall of the orbit, conjunctivitis;
  • appearance of swelling in the brow and eyelids in the morning;
  • loss of smell.

Symptoms of sinusitis in a child

Children can not always explain clearly enough that they hurt.In this regard, identify sinusitis in a child can be difficult in the early stages.The cause of sinusitis in children often becomes a common cold.Immature child's organism is not always able to overcome all those in the virus body.Parents should pay attention to the following symptoms:

  • the presence of high temperature.No matter how it is caused by disease.With an increase in body temperature of the child should immediately seek medical attention;
  • increased tearfulness, moodiness;
  • sleep disorders;
  • appetite loss until the complete refusal of food;
  • lethargy, malaise, weakness, attention is scattered.The child becomes passive, she refuses to play.

It should be noted that these symptoms can also occur in other diseases.There are signs that are typical only for sinusitis or other forms of sinusitis:

  • pallor and swelling of the face;
  • dry mouth;
  • stuffy nose, not only, but also the ears;
  • morning cough;
  • gain headaches with a sharp inclination of the head;
  • purulent nasal discharge has an unpleasant odor;
  • voice becomes nasal;
  • redness and watery eyes;
  • pain in the frontal sinuses.It is a little pressure on the eyebrows.Occurrence of pain may be the first sign of the presence of frontal sinusitis.

In most cases, sinusitis in children occurs in a latent form.

Treating sinusitis

Treatment of sinusitis, like all other diseases, should be entrusted to a qualified health care professional.However, at the initial stage can be independently cured sinusitis.In most cases during the initial stages is not necessary to make special preparations.Suffice it several times a day to wash the nasal cavity.Washing cleanse the cavity of mucous formation.However, to determine the front on the initial stage can not always.On headache few people pay attention.In most cases, patients take aspirin to get rid of unpleasant sensations.

considered the most effective drug therapy in the treatment of sinusitis.Antibiotics may only doctor, because in some cases, antibiotics will not help and will lead to decreased immunity or dysbiosis.That is why prescribe certain drugs should only be a specialist.The most common indication for the presence of antibiotics becomes purulent discharge.In this case, the doctor takes samples of precipitates.They were then subjected to laboratory analysis.Using laboratory testing can determine what exactly was the inflammatory process caused by bacteria.And only after that the doctor prescribes antibiotics are necessary.

to establish an accurate diagnosis baby suit, not all the research methods used in the diagnosis of adults.The safest and informative method in this case is an ultrasound examination of the paranasal sinuses.With this type of survey can determine the amount of accumulated mucus and cause of the disease.

At the initial stage, the doctor usually appoints a means of local action - sprays, which contain antibiotics.Drops may also be assigned at the initial stage of the disease.Antibiotics can be written in the form of tablets, such as Sporideks, cefazolin and t. D. In more severe cases, the expert writes antibiotics or broad-spectrum antibiotics, which is administered intravenously and intramuscularly at a daily dose of 400 mg.antibiotic treatment course lasts for at least 10 days.More than ten days to take them is usually not recommended, so as not to disrupt the intestinal microflora.

the treatment of sinusitis and use homeopathic remedies.

  • Sinupret: used to relieve the inflammation, liquefies the contents of the sinuses.
  • Sinuforte: reduces inflammation, promotes ventilation and the opening of the sinuses.
  • Cinnabsin: reduces edema, facilitates breathing and helps to strengthen the immune system.

In addition, the doctor may prescribe medication to relieve the headache.

therapy procedures carried out in a hospital or clinic.The essence of these procedures often consists in washing the nasal cavities with special medicinal solutions.In most cases this furatsilin.In the later stages of the disease using such physiotherapy treatments as laser therapy, UHF, electrophoresis and others.These procedures are designed to ensure the free outflow of the contents of the sinuses with a mild warming.As a result, significantly improved blood circulation, inflammation disappears in the sinuses.

If improvement does not occur after any antibiotics or after physical therapy, your doctor may prescribe a puncture (puncture).The need for this procedure usually indicate symptoms such as severe headache, the presence of cysts in the nasal sinuses and the lack of drainage of mucus.Before performing the puncture is performed X-ray examination of the frontal sinuses.X-ray is necessary in order to know exactly where to begin to make a puncture.The puncture is usually made through a thin bottom or through the front wall of the frontal sinuses.Carrying out the procedure requires anesthesia, ie, a local anesthetic.To make a hole, using a special needle.When the hole is made, it is fixed needle through which the washing is performed.After washed sinus, they are administered medicines for oral disinfection.Rana plugging, produced seams pad.In most cases, a drainage hole is fixed to output the contents of the sinuses and washing.Drainage was removed after a few days.

consequences of sinusitis

No disease, no matter how, as some patients, "harmless", should not be disregarded.Many diseases, which by themselves are not life threatening, can backfire as complications resulting in death and including.

As mentioned above, acute sinusitis often becomes chronic.In addition, the infection located in the sinuses can spread to the upper respiratory tract.As a result, there are such diseases as:

  • angina,
  • pneumonia,
  • osteoperiostit,
  • bronchitis,
  • meningitis.

The appearance of pneumonia and bronchitis may indicate a cough.The most dangerous of all diseases listed above osteoperiostit is characterized by lesions of bone.When this disease appear conjunctivitis and swelling of the face brow.

Meningitis also applies to the dangerous and severe complications of sinusitis.This is due to the fact that the sinuses are too close to the brain.The sinuses are pathogenic content that can cause penetration of pathogenic bacteria in the mater.This leads to a strong inflammatory process.Meningitis can be identified by symptoms such as sudden headache, disturbance of consciousness, hallucinations and vomiting.

consequences of sinusitis may appear and after treatments.For example, after treatment by means of such operations may be residual symptoms like slight fever and nasal discharge.After a while the temperature returned to normal, and the allocation cease.If these symptoms do not progress, after 2-3 days of their intensity greatly reduced.The course prescribed by your doctor should be performed until the end, even if the symptoms gradually weaken.Upon termination of course without professional guidance illness may resume.

Prevention Preventive procedures greatly reduce the probability of ill.Both children and adults, it is first necessary to protect yourself from the flu, colds, allergies, colds and so on. D. The greatest attention must be paid to the strengthening immunity.The food must contain the required amount of fruits and vegetables.Well strengthen the immune system of sports and tempering (requires prior consultation with a specialist).The premises must be ventilated to clear the air of possible bacteria.Regular wet cleaning also significantly reduces the risk of developing sinusitis.

the spring of the human body is significantly depleted.Many people at this time susceptible influenza.The disease spreads quickly, as is transmitted by airborne droplets.Avoid contact with sick is not always possible.In order to best protect themselves from infection, it should be cleaned regularly, the nasal cavity a weak solution of sea salt.With this procedure, you can stop the front on the early stages, when symptoms of the disease has not yet manifested.