- What is a stye?
- stye: Symptoms Diagnosis
- How to treat barley
- eye Possible complications
- Preventive measures
Skin and mucous membranes of man cover a myriad of bacteria (permanent and transient optional).Most of them are harmless.However, there are those who, feeding and breeding in the dead cells of the skin and balances the body's waste products are able in some cases to acquire aggressive properties and cause the development of the inflammatory process in the area of the lid margin.
How to treat a stye?Is it possible to quickly cure the Barley House?The answers to these and other questions can be found below.
What is a stye?
stye, in medical terminology is called "sty" - it is a common ophthalmic disease equally affects both adults and children.It is an acute purulent inflammation of the hair follicle or ciliary sebaceous gland Zeiss situated in close proximity to the bulb eyelashes.
When clogging fat (meibomian) glands, located in the interior of the century
and the lipid producing a secret, part of the tear fluid, formed meibomian cyst (chalazion).It is a slow growing benign, dense and completely painless tumor, consisting of sebum, covered with granulomatous tissue.If this formation becomes large and begins to compress the cornea, astigmatism may develop visual impairment.
At penetration in meibomian gland staph infection occurs domestic barley development.Unlike external sty, its contents are not beyond the outside and the inside of the conjunctiva.Frequently such a condition requires surgery.
Most often the development of the pathological process provokes staph, strep, or fungal infection, rarely - Demodex mite.Risk factors include:
- decreased immunity;
- lack of vitamins (A, B, C);
- worm infestation;
- digestive tract diseases;
- metabolic disorder;
- endocrine pathology;
- violation of the elementary rules of personal hygiene;
- adverse environmental factors;
- use poor-quality cosmetics.
symptoms The disease begins with the formation of tiny, the size of a millet grain, painful swelling.With the development of the pathological process, it begins to grow, blush, itch and inflamed.During this period, the patient has photophobia, there is a feeling of a foreign body in the eye, and develops a tear.The most common tumor is local, but sometimes the swelling can spread to the entire eyelid.
After 4-7 days Barley "matures" and its top portion is formed softening as a small rounded abscess, which after a while opened.After the pus swelling subsides and passes soreness.
Acute meybomit (barley inner eyelid) in their clinical manifestations is not much different from the sty, but in this case the abscess does not go out to the surface, and the mucous membrane of the century.
Barley children may lead to the development of intoxication symptoms (headache, weakness, and fever).Often, there is a burning sensation in the eyes and twitching of the patient's age.
In some cases sty may disappear, and then reappear.With weakened immunity may experience multiple suppurations, which are often the cause of an abscess of the century, accompanied by fever, severe headache, swollen lymph nodes and other symptoms of intoxication of the organism.
Diagnosis The diagnosis is carried out visually during the physical examination.To determine the nature of the causative agent is assigned laboratory research contents of the pathological focus, as well as the patient is taken to the bacterial flora of the seed throat and nose and eyelashes performed microscopic examination for the presence of demodex mite.According to medical indications can be assigned fecal helminth eggs.
How to treat stye
Barley - is quite insidious disease that can cause serious complications.Therefore, when the first symptoms of inflammation will be wiser to consult an ophthalmologist.During the formation of stye is not recommended to use decorative cosmetics and is strictly prohibited to squeeze or puncture the abscess on the eyelid.
Often, in the early stages of the pathological process of barley can be stopped.To this end, experts recommend 3-5 times a day gently "burn" a painful bump solution of brilliant green or 70 ethanol.However, at the initial stage (before the abscess) to the site of inflammation can be applied dry heat.
Applying dry heat is possible only in the initial stage.When the barley is ripe to apply heat in any case it is impossible!
accelerate the ripening sty compress of salt solution (a teaspoon per glass of warm water).This procedure should be done before bedtime.
recommended to lay antibiotic eye ointment (erythromycin or tetracycline) to reduce inflammation of the eyelid.
A good anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effect has hydrocortisone ointment and dexamethasone solution (for the eyes).However, before embarking on the use of a drug, you should ensure that the inflammatory process caused by barley, rather than viral or fungal disease, and do not forget that it is hormonal, with a number of contraindications and limitations.
If the pathological process is accompanied by fever, a specialist may recommend oral administration of antibacterial agents.
self-medication with antibiotics to determine the nature of the causative agent in this situation is unacceptable.
The abscess maturation stage patients assigned physiotherapy (UHF).
After spontaneous release pus is recommended to use eye drops (sodium sulfatsil) or antibacterial ointment.
With the development of domestic barley, multiple ulcers, large stye or chalazion surgical treatment (opening and drainage of the pathological cavity).
patients with relapsing forms of barley is the treatment of the underlying disease that caused the development of a pathological condition, as well as prescribers, increase body resistance, and vitamins.
When uncomplicated goredoluma or meybomita favorable prognosis.
- Phlegmon orbit.
- inflammation of the meninges (meningitis).
- thrombosis (blockage) of the cavernous sinus.
- Strict personal hygiene;
- Failure to use cosmetics that have expired;
- Treatment of chronic somatic pathologies;
- Good nutrition;
- Hardening of the organism;
- Compliance with the rules of selection and operation of contact lenses.