Fibrosis of the lungs is a disease involving the presence of a tissue in the lungs of scar tissue that disrupts the function of breathing. Fibrosis lowers the elasticity of the tissues, which makes the passage of oxygen through the alveoli( bubbles where the air contacts the blood) more difficult. This disease involves the replacement of normal lung tissue with connective tissue. Reverse process of regeneration of connective tissue again in the pulmonary is not possible, so the patient can not fully recover, however, it is still possible to improve the patient's quality of life.
The fibrotic changes appear for the following reasons:
The local type of disease that affects a certain area can develop asymptomatically, and in severe stages both local and diffuse fibrosis of the roots of the lungs and other parts will necessarily make itself felt by such bright symptoms:
Apical pulmonary pneumofibrosis can cause:
These symptoms usually appear at later stages of the development of the pathological process.
A severe type of disease that promotes the transformation of ordinary pulmonary tissue into a connective tissue can develop against the background:
Patients often develop basal fibrosis. The basis for its progression in most clinical situations is chronic bronchitis. In the early stages of the disease occurs almost asymptomatically, but as the disease progresses, the symptoms become more pronounced. The connective tissue proliferates, which leads to a disruption in the functioning of the lungs. It is important to diagnose the disease in time and begin to treat it, so that there are no more serious complications.
Fibrosis of the lungs can be:
Also, the disease of occurrence is divided into:
Depending on the severity of development, the ailment is divided into:
According to the reason for the appearance, these types of diseases are distinguished:
Among the main factors that contribute to the development of tissue transformation, distinguish:
To begin to treat ailment it is possible only after careful diagnostics. To do this, doctors use both laboratory and instrumental methods of examination, which make it possible to determine the localization of the disease, the vastness of the lesion, and so on.
The most effective method of diagnosis is the appointment of radiography. It helps to identify pathologies in the radical and other areas. Also, in order to detect fibrotic changes in the lungs, CT of the lungs is used( computed tomography).In addition, the doctor will appoint a patient angiopulmonogram, which will show whether there are changes in the blood vessels( narrowing or widening of the branches of the vessels).
Fibrous-cavernous pulmonary fibrosis can also be detected with bronchoscopy or respiratory function analysis. As a result of the analysis, it is possible to determine the respiratory rate, inspiratory volume and air conduction in the bronchi.
Treatment of pulmonary fibrosis should be based on:
In addition, sometimes using folk remedies to combat the disease. Doctors do not officially recognize folk therapy, but in some cases they are allowed to use the means approved by them. For example, help to make up the amount of oxygen will help tincture from the goritzvet with the addition of fennel and cumin fruit. This folk remedy must be insisted, strained and drunk 3 times a day.
Also, the treatment of pulmonary fibrosis is carried out with the help of special exercises. The respiratory gymnastics helps to treat the ailment. It is aimed at partial or complete resumption of the work of the body.
To avoid having to treat this serious illness, doctors recommend following such preventive measures:
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If you believe that you have Fibrosis of the lungs and the symptoms typical for this disease, then your doctor can be helped by a pulmonologist.
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