Front: types, causes , signs , symptoms and treatment

Category Disease | December 12, 2017 00:03

What is the front? This is a pathological process, accompanied by an inflammatory process in the frontal paranasal sinus. The formation of inflammation is carried out in the mucosa, which is located in the frontal sinus. This disease has another name - frontal sinusitis. Of all types of sinusitis, the frontal has the most severe form of flow.

  • Reasons for forming
  • Frontal growth in adults
    • Acute form of
    • Chronic form
  • Pediatric fungus
  • Diagnostic methods
  • Therapy
  • Traditional medicine
    • Application of radish
    • Healing herbs
    • Inhalations

Causes of formation of

Often acute frontalitis occurs as a result of an organism's viral, fungal or bacterialinfection. It happens that the disease serves as a complication of influenza, scarlet fever, diphtheria. The frontitis can also develop after the trauma of the nose. Distinguish the most common causes of the formation of this pathology:

  1. Prolonged rhinitis of an infectious or allergic nature.
  2. Curvature of nasal septum of congenital or acquired form.
  3. Foci of infection, formed due to infection with staphylococci, streptococci and other bacteria.
  4. Allergic reaction - bronchial asthma and vasomotor rhinitis contribute to the formation of edema mucosa. The result of this process is the overlapping of the opening, which facilitates the entry of fluid from the frontal sinus.
  5. Polyps in the nose.
  6. Foreign bodies.
If such circumstances occur, then the inflammatory process in the frontal sinuses can take a chronic form, which is very difficult to treat.

How does frontitis appear in adults?

Presented disease in adults is diagnosed very often. In 90% of cases the acute frontitis is combined with the damage of the maxillary sinuses or cells of the latticed labyrinth. For this reason, the ailment is very difficult to proceed. Symptoms of the frontitis differ depending on the form of the pathology.

Signs of diseases in acute form

Acute frontalitis in adults is accompanied by the following manifestations:

  1. Painful pains in the head, arising from the concentration in the damaged sinuses of pus. The patient can alleviate his condition by taking a horizontal position. The reason is that there is a uniform distribution of the accumulated fluid in the cavity.
  2. In the nose bridge, patients complain of uncomfortable feelings of a bursting nature. Their growth occurs throughout the day. Initially, the pain syndrome is localized, but the focus of it over time "dissipates".Therefore, patients often experience pain when the head is tilted forward or its corners.
  3. Sensation of strong pressure and tension in the area affected by inflammation of the frontal sinus. If the case is started, the pain begins to appear in the occipital and temporo-occipital region of the head.
  4. Discharge from nasal passages that have an unpleasant odor. As a rule, they are mucous and transparent, but can contain particles of pus. Most often, their allocation occurs in an upright position. If there is a complete nasal congestion, then such symptoms of the frontitis are absent, because the outflow of the contents of the sinuses becomes more difficult.
  5. A sharp rise in temperature to 39 degrees.
  6. Cough that worries the patient at night.
  7. Fatigue, loss of strength.
  8. Apathy, bad sleep and appetite.
Adults are often diagnosed with an allergic frontalitis. Its manifestations are similar to those of an acute frontitis. Before you begin to eliminate the signs of the inflammatory process, you need to stop the real cause of the disease.

Symptoms of chronic form of the disease

Frontitis in adults

Symptoms of the frontitis in chronic course arise due to poor cleaning of the frontal sinuses in the acute form of the disease. Very often chronic frontal inflammation contributes to the formation of inflammation in the remaining paranasal sinuses.

The most frequent manifestation of the disease is a common cold, which is difficult to eliminate by any means. The released liquid is purulent in nature and repulsive odor. The chronic form of the disease is accompanied by the defeat of only one sinus, in which pus is concentrated. Very often, the pressure of pathogenic contents is the cause of the formation of deformation processes in the nasal cavity. The following symptoms of chronic infection are distinguished:

  • decreased sense of smell, sometimes the patient can not recognize smells at all;
  • conjunctivitis;
  • in the morning, the eyelids are slightly swollen, indicating the spread of inflammation to the orbital walls;
  • a constant cough, which can not be stopped by any antitussive and expectorant means;
  • strong weakness, not allowing you to perform ordinary household chores;
  • with chronic frontitis, there is a proliferation of polyps and neoplasms in the nasal cavity, which are the cause of breathing problems.
Diagnosing the chronic form of the disease is much more difficult than sharp front. The doctor will be able to diagnose only after he is provided with such data: external manifestations, patient complaints, test results and radiographs.

Occurrence of the frontitis in small patients

Pediatric front

It is very difficult to diagnose small children in time because they can not pinpoint the place where the pain is localized. In most cases, the inflammatory process in children is formed because of a common cold. In this case, bilateral lesions are often diagnosed, which is a particular danger for patients of young age. The following symptoms of acute pediatitis in children stand out:

  • irritability;
  • temperature rise;
  • poor appetite;
  • poor sleep;
  • general malaise, lethargy, weakness;
  • diffuse attention;
  • inability to breathe through the nose.
All presented manifestations of the disease are similar to those of a common cold. For this reason, it is important to recognize the frontite in time to avoid severe consequences.

To the basic manifestations of inflammation of the frontal sinuses it is necessary to attribute the following:

  • headache that becomes intolerable when the position of the head changes;
  • pain in the frontal sinus, which can be determined by gentle pressure on the pads of the fingers on the skin in the brow;
  • swelling and pale complexion;
  • dry mouth;
  • discharge from the nasal passages of a purulent nature, having an unpleasant odor;
  • a nasal voice;
  • stuffy nose and ears;
  • cough in the morning;
  • from the eyes constantly appear tears, in rare cases develops conjunctivitis.

A characteristic feature of the ailment in young patients is considered the possibility of hidden leakage. Often, excessive prescription of drugs with ordinary rhinitis removes many symptoms of the inflammatory process, but the disease itself does not disappear anywhere. The result of this process is the chronic frontitis, which contributes to the formation of inflammation in the middle ear region.

Diagnostic methods

Diagnosis of the front

The main manifestations in the diagnosis are the manifestations that a patient has. In addition, the doctor examines the nose. As a result of such manipulations, he can detect swelling, thickening and redness in the nasal concha. If the disease has a chronic course, then you can identify polyps. To clarify the diagnosis, the following research methods are used:

  • x-ray of the sinuses of the nose;
  • sounding of sinuses;
  • video endoscopy;
  • ultrasound examination of the paranasal sinuses;
  • MRI or CT sinus;
  • blood tests and inoculations from the nose.

Therapy

How to treat a frontalitis? If it occurs in acute form, then therapy should include conservative methods, and it is carried out in the ENT hospital. In order to reduce the swelling of the mucosa of the nasal cavity and normalize the outflow of the pathological content of the frontal sinus, treatment of the frontitis involves the use of the following vasoconstrictive drops. They are used 3-4 times for 2-3 drops in each nasal passage. After drops, treatment of the frontitis may include irrigation of the nasal cavity with the following formulations:

  • Bioparox;
  • Cameton;
  • Propolar.

When an acute form of ailment the doctor prescribes antibiotics, the course of treatment is 7-10 days. The choice of a particular medication is based on the patient's tolerability and the severity of the disease. In most cases, treatment of the frontitis includes the following antibiotics:

  • Augmentin;
  • Flemoxin
  • Solutab;
  • Sumamed;
  • Sporidex;
  • Rovamycin;
  • Ampioks;
  • Duracif;
  • Cefazolin.

In combination with antibiotics, treatment of the frontitis involves the administration of antihistamines. Their intake is 1 tablet 2-3 times a day. The course of therapy is 7-10 days. The action of the presented drugs is aimed at eliminating the swelling of the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity.

Surgical treatment of the frontitis involves the removal of the frontal sinus. It should be performed in case of ineffectiveness of conservative therapy or in the diagnosis of pus in the sinus, expressed pain syndrome.

Traditional medicine

Treatment of the frontitis with folk remedies is effective to use in combination with basic therapy. Today, there are many recipes for non-traditional treatment, so consider the most effective.

Application of radish

For the treatment of the frontitis with folk remedies, it is necessary to prepare juice from black radish, which after use as drops. In each nasal passage 2-3 drops 6-7 times a day.

Healing Herbs

Healing Herbs

For folk remedies, the following herbs should be stocked:

  • chamomile flowers - 10 g;
  • St. John's Wort - 15 g;
  • marshwort - 10 g.

For preparation, it is necessary to mix the presented herbs and pour 450 ml of boiling water. Wait half an hour until the broth is fed. Strain the remedy and treat the front with these folk remedies by dropping 7 drops into each nasal passage. Treatment of the frontitis represented by folk remedies can be carried out by inhalation. To do this, boil the infusion for 3 minutes and inhale the vapors. Perform inhalation folk remedies once a day, the general course - 14 days.

Inhalations

Inhalations

Therapy of the frontitis with folk remedies involves the use of inhalations. For cooking it is necessary to take potatoes cooked in a "uniform", crush them, put them in a container and fill with water, in which it was cooked. Tilt your head, and breathe in pairs under the towel. Perform this treatment folk remedies every other day for 14 days.

Another recipe for inhalation by folk remedies involves the use of 2 glasses of water and 17 leaves of laurel. You need to pour the water into the pan and add the leaves of the laurel. Place the container on the stove so it will boil. After tilting your head over the pan, cover yourself with a towel and breathe. The duration of such treatment with folk remedies is 5-7 minutes.

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