Amylase - it's a digestive enzyme , which breaks down starches to oligosaccharides , that is actively involved in the reaction with carbohydrates.Amylase is the first open enzyme, which has been identified by various sources French or Russian chemist.
This enzyme is produced mainly by the pancreas , also accounted for a small proportion of the salivary gland and other organs.Therefore, amylase can be divided into saliva and pancreatic amylase, that is produced by the pancreas.
Since the main purpose of amylase - a digestive process, then it should be exclusively in the human stomach, without getting into the blood, or getting in very small quantities.After the blood enters the urine amylase, so its content in the first liquid causes the second content.
Analysis for amylase
analysis on the content of amylase in the blood (the material is serum ) and urine is carried out in suspected following diseases:
During these stressful conditions the body like pregnancy , acute alcohol poisoning and complicated diabetes can also be causes of elevated levels of amylase in the blood.
Reduced performance levels of the enzyme content can be observed during toxicosis in pregnant women, failure podzhelodochnoy gland, pancreatic necrosis, etc.
Increased levels of amylase in the urine usually indicates elevated levels in the blood, and also indicates the possible existence of similar diseases.
Analysis of urine amylase is usually made on the basis of material daily.Urine is collected over a full day, starting from the second, skipping the first, do not take the first urine of the next day.The rate of content of up to 17 units / h.
blood test on the contents of this enzyme is carried out strictly on an empty stomach.
For each age norms blood amylase are different, but basically they are as follows:
Prolonged chewing products that are composed of starch, but almost no sugar, amylase gives them a sweet taste.
Given that the amylase involved in the digestive process, which begins in the mouth due to saliva, in its composition contains a small amount of amylase that provides speedy digestion of food.