Albinism - a complete or partial absence of pigment of hair, skin and iris;hereditary defect pigmentation .
It is now believed that the main cause of this anomaly of a blockade or lack of a certain enzyme - tyrosinase, responsible for the synthesis of melanin in the body.The extent of the lack of pigment depends on the nature of the violation in the genes responsible for its formation.But there are also situations where pathologies genes have been identified, but the man still suffers from albinism, in which case we have to be a mutation of certain genes.
Medicine identifies many types of albinism, taking into account both the phenotype and genotype, but traditionally this pathology can be divided into two major groups: the eyes, the skin (HCA) and ocular (GA) type.
Treatment and prevention
Unfortunately, there is currently no tool that could help deal with the lack of melanin in the skin, and iris.Ocular albinism is often accompanied by disturbances of
Modern genetic research couples to prevent transmission anomaly rather successfully reduces the risk of albinism in children.