Periodontal disease - symptoms, causes and treatment ( + photos )

Category Diseases Of Oral Cavity | August 12, 2017 18:01


  • reason periodontitis
  • Symptoms of periodontal disease
  • stages of periodontal disease
  • Treatment of periodontitis

Periodontal disease - a disease that affects the periodontal tissue, which is called "periodontal".In this disease there is a gradual atrophy of the dental cells, causing teeth start to become loose.If time does not begin treatment of periodontal disease, the teeth will eventually fall out.This disease is very difficult to detect in the early stages of development: its occurrence may be associated with various diseases of the body, or may be a genetic predisposition.

reason periodontitis

The causes of this disease may be different.First of all, it can occur in people with a diagnosis of "diabetes" and in patients with impaired functioning of the endocrine glands.Also, the development of periodontal disease is a consequence of insufficient blood supply to the gum tissues.Gastrointestinal disease and cardiovascular system may lead to the formation of the dental diseases.

periodontal disease often arises as a result of deposits of tartar and overload during chewing. Among other things, the disease develops in the body with a deficiency of vitamins C and E, which are rich in fruits and vegetables.Some people have a genetic predisposition to acquire the disease.

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Symptoms of periodontal disease

Periodontal disease is characterized by a prolonged course, so the first symptoms of the disease is quite difficult to detect in its early stages.Atrophic processes arising from the disease, leading to a gradual reduction in the size of the interdental partitions.As a result, it may appear the following symptoms:

  • burning and itching in the gums
  • pain when chewing, problems with chewing
  • bleeding when brushing
  • teeth bad breath
  • strong pulsation in the gums
  • reduction in sizedental cells
  • decrease in blood flow to the periodontium, causing the gums become pale
  • baring necks of the teeth, increasing the exposure of tooth roots
  • tooth mobility
  • tooth loss

periodontal disease can cause severe complications, which include purulent inflammationsoft tissues of the mouth, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and sepsis.Without timely treatment of periodontal disease is a risk of loss of a large number of teeth.

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stages of periodontal disease

are three stages of the progression of periodontal disease.

  1. The first stage of this disease rarely exhibit any symptoms.When this change occurs in periodontal tissue, but these are generally not accompanied by any pain sensations, itching or gums.
  2. the second stage of periodontal disease occur following symptoms: when brushing your teeth in patients with gums start to bleed, but as a result of changes in the value of the interdental partitions in the teeth begin to get stuck pieces of food.
  3. third and final stage of periodontal disease is the most severe: at this stage, there is an irreversible process of destruction of periodontal tissue, resulting in the gums appear purulent sores and tooth displacement occurs.Ultimately, teeth fall out and there are other various diseases.

In order to properly diagnose, expert carefully examines the size of the partitions between the teeth of the patient, as well as in points determines the index bleeding gums.Thereafter assigned optimal treatment of disease.

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Treatment of periodontitis

Currently there are no specific tools or a particular method of treatment of periodontal disease.Usually, the patient is assigned to a complex treatment:

  1. specialist appoints vitamins and hormones that contribute to improving the state of the gums.
  2. often used gum massage, the aim of which is to stimulate blood flow to the gum tissue.
  3. With the use of modern equipment to patients partially restore the affected gums.
  4. Often doctors prescribe physical therapy, including ultrasound treatment and electrophoresis.

In most cases, surgery is required to effectively treat periodontal disease. Today, there are several techniques aimed at the regeneration of periodontal.In order to improve the regeneration of tissue cells, fibroblasts, and stem cells are used in medicine.Acupuncture - another commonly used method in the treatment of periodontal disease.However, this procedure only helps to remove pain and does not lead to the restoration of the teeth and gums.

In order to become an effective treatment, patients should be several times a year examined by specialists and follow the oral hygiene.In addition it is recommended to observe a certain diet.So, when periodontal disease is better to include in the diet of fresh vegetables and fruits rich in vitamins C and R.

Treatment of periodontitis folk remedies

often in the treatment of this disease and apply traditional medicine.Although doctors say that such methods are not able to cure the disease, they agree with the fact that traditional medicines have a positive effect on oral health.Here are some guidelines:

  1. mouthwash use the infusion of black tea with garlic, which contains fluorine, vitamin C, and antimicrobial agents.
  2. decoction of wild rose and pine needles has a beneficial effect in periodontal disease due to the rich content of vitamin C.
  3. Infusions of nettle help relieve bleeding gums, improve nutrition and regeneration of tissues.
  4. decoction of lime blossom and oak bark is effectively used in the initial stages of the treatment of periodontal disease because it has analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effect.

For the prevention of periodontal disease doctors advise eating foods that contain copper.These include wheat, tea, coffee, potatoes, liver, etc.To Copper is easy to digest, the patient should be included in your daily diet of eggs, cheese, cottage cheese, oatmeal and cream.To ensure optimal cell tissue oxygen necessary to iron, which is found in vegetables, fruits, turkey, beans and buckwheat.