Diet in diabetes : the forbidden and permitted foods

Category Diabetes | August 12, 2017 18:01


  • products banned in diabetes
  • products authorized in diabetes

diabetes in the world today is one of the most common diseases of the endocrine system - when it occurs on a background of absolute (for Type 1)or relative (for type 2) insulin deficiency there are complex disorders not only of carbohydrate, but also other kinds of exchange.The result of the devastating effects on the body becomes steadily progressive loss of internal organs, leading to functional impairment of body systems.That is why it is so important the timely detection of disorders of carbohydrate metabolism, and appropriate treatment was one of the main components of which at any variant of diabetes becomes a health food.

Diet for diabetes - an important treatment of the disease element

diet in diabetes has a beneficial effect not only on the processes of carbohydrate metabolism, but also on the whole metabolism of the body - its observance helps to control blood glucose levels (serum glucose concentration) and i

nfluences the dose of medicines used to correct the violations.Clinical nutrition helps to normalize the patient's general condition - to restore vitality, improve efficiency and promote normal socialization of the patient, regardless of age.

Preparation diet for a patient suffering from diabetes, is based on the fact that the products having the same caloric content, contain different amounts of simple carbohydrates and fats - products that primarily cause the development of undesirable changes in internal organs.It is for the content of these compounds is all food for patients with diabetes, divided into permitted and forbidden.By the advice of a doctor who recommends the use of a diet for diabetes and restricting certain kinds of food, worth considering - the composition of the diet and diet selected insulin dose and mode of administration with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, as well as the dose of oral hypoglycemic drugs used to treat non-insulin variant of the disease.

products banned in diabetes

In identifying impaired glucose tolerance, especially - when it detects diabetes regardless of its type, it is recommended:

1. Restricting carbohydrate

course, in identifyingnot only diabetes but also functional disorders of glucose uptake (changes in the body's glucose tolerance) must be severely restricting intake of carbohydrate.These substances are quickly absorbed in the small intestine and cause a sharp discontinuous rise in the level of glucose in the body, which in low doses of drugs prescribed to correct the disease, may trigger the development of hyperglycemic coma patient.Strict limitation:

  • sugar and foods with a lot of its content - the jam, jam, candy, honey;
  • baking and sweet pastries - cakes, chocolate, ice cream;
  • sweet berries and fruits - grapes, raisins, bananas, dates.

In severe disease restrictions should be as stringent with mild to moderate diabetic allowed the use of these products in small quantities under compulsory glycemic control.

2. Limit fat

Upon detection of diabetes is desirable to reduce the number of fat in the diet - with all kinds of food and taking into account the method of its preparation of the content should be limited to 40 grams per day.In this case, be aware that the vegetable fats in the diet should prevail diabetic patient - this helps prevent insufficient intake of fat-soluble vitamins.

undesirable in the diet of the patient's food, which is composed of a large number of all lipids - all sausages, frankfurters and sausages, fatty meats, milk and dairy products are high in fat.

3. Restriction of spices and seasonings

Restriction of spices and seasonings in the diet of diabetic patient is required not so much because the substances contained in them may increase serum glucose levels, but because of the general stimulation of appetitein humans.The patient loses control of hunger and satiety and can eat larger amounts of food than planned, and that leads to hyperglycemia.

4. Limit alcoholic beverages

Patients suffering from diabetes mellitus of any kind, it must be remembered that any drinks, which include alcohol, enough calories and can directly affect the serum glucose level.Moreover, for their assimilation in the body requires an additional amount of insulin and tissue enzymes viscera.we must not forget that alcohol has a direct damaging effect on the cells of the pancreas and may provoke another aggravation of pancreatitis, inevitably culminating in a decrease in the number of cells capable of producing insulin.

5. Stopping smoking

necessity of quitting smoking due to the fact that the penetration of nicotine and other substances contained in tobacco smoke, has a damaging effect on pancreatic tissue and internal organs due to a sharp circulatory disorders.In this case, the reduced production of endogenous insulin in type 1 diabetes and changes cell metabolism in type 2 diabetes (glucose can not get into the inside of a cell and turn it into glycogen, due to which there are severe violations of all types of exchange).You can not try to jam as cigarettes and cigarette hunger, which often occurs in patients with poorly compensated diabetes, or non-compliance with the recommendations on drawing up the diet.

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products authorized in diabetes

The remaining products more loyal relationships - the patient should receive the necessary amount of nutritious food, but simple carbohydrates should be replaced by sophisticated and fats in the diet should be primarily plant origin.In the absence of signs of kidney damage in diabetes there is no need to limit the amount of protein in the diet products regardless of their origin.

1. Permitted carbohydrates

to provide food energy value of the diet must be present complex carbohydrates - brown bread, a side dish of pasta or cereals.It is important to remember that the use of a side dish, you can compensate for failure of bakery products.It is recommended to use the power of patients with buckwheat or oats (they are rich in vitamins) are allowed in a limited number of barley, wheat and rice, is highly undesirable daily semolina.

From vegetables in the diet of the patient in unlimited quantities may be present cucumbers, zucchini, tomatoes, cabbage, lettuce, radishes and greens (except Spice), is limited to the use of potatoes, beets and carrots (not more than 200 grams of each root).Based on grains and vegetables can be prepared in a variety of soups, main dishes (side dishes and casseroles).

Fruits desirable to use a limited number - are allowed no more than 200 grams of fruit per day each: sour apples, citrus fruits, cranberries, currants and gooseberries.

2. Approved fats

Eating this food group is recommended to cut and give preference to vegetable fats.

3. Permitted proteins

protein products in the patient's diet may be submitted lean meats (poultry) and fish, which must be baked, steamed or boiled.Permission is granted to use the eggs - as a separate dish, and as part of other products.

Milk and milk products with a small percentage of fat razrascheny unlimited quantities and in any form, especially recommended low-fat cottage cheese (the food product contains a large number of methionine required for liver cells)

Adhering to the diet recommended by your doctor, you can achieve a significant reduction in demandthe body's insulin or hypoglycemic drugs to improve the patient's overall health and performance.Nevertheless, we must not forget that the diet - it is only one component of complex therapy of diabetes and it is not always can replace drugs.